GCC General Catalog 2006-2007
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General Catalog 2006-2007

Programs and Courses

Administration of Justice Studies

General Information

For AJS Course Information: Paul Brown
Phone: 623.845.3913

For Law Enforcement Training Academy/Operations Information: Jerry McCown
Phone: 623.845.3831

Visit the following GCC web sites for more information:

GCCLETA.com (Law Enforcement Training Academy)
GCCLEO.com (Law Enforcement Operations)

For Law Enforcement Officers, see LEO section of the catalog

Student Goals: Career-related, Personal

AJS courses provide information for personal interest and related careers, but are designed primarily for those interested in careers in law enforcement and related fields. Students take these courses to:

  • Prepare for Employment. An associate degree (AAS) and certificate programs are available. The certificate program is designed for reserve police officers in Maricopa County.

Police officers and detectives are responsible for protecting life and property, enforcing laws, preventing and investigating crimes, and apprehending criminals. Officers working in small communities have many duties, while officers employed by large police departments are usually assigned to specific types of duty such as traffic, narcotics, robbery, or homicide. Those assigned to patrol a regularly-assigned area work alone or in pairs. Related law enforcement careers are in security, probation, corrections, etc.

  • Enhance Employment. The AJS290 seminar series provides specialized training for those in law enforcement desiring to enhance their skills. These seminars are available on a limited basis.
  • To Prepare for Related Fields . Students in other fields may well find courses such as AJS101, or 225 of interest.
  • For Personal Interest. Those seeking training in the safe and ethical use of firearms may enroll in AJS151, 153, and/or 154. AJS152 provides first aid information.

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Administration of Justice
Associate in Arts - Special Requirements Degree Pathway
(Minimum 60 credits, maximum 64 towards transfer)

An AA-SR Degree Pathway is open to those students planning to transfer to any of the following Bachelor of Arts degree programs: Justice Studies/ASU-Main Campus, Criminal Justice & Criminology/ASU-West, and Criminal Justice/NAU. A maximum of 64 credits of community college course work may be applied toward any Arizona public university degree program. All courses must be grade of "C" or higher. You must work with your advisor at the community college to fulfill all the requirements of the appropriate Associate of Arts degree. Completion of the AA degree will require 60-64 credits.

Program Overview

General Education

  • AGEC-A Core requirements (35 credits) selected from current course equivalent or transfer guide.
  • MCCD Additional Requirements (0-6 credits) Oral Communication (3 credits) and Critical Reading (0-3 credits which may be waived by an appropriate ASSET test score).

Lower Division Program
Requirements: (18 credits)

AJS101 Introduction to Criminal Justice
AJS109 Substantive Criminal Law
AJS225 Criminology
AJS230 The Police Function
AJS240 The Corrections Function
AJS260 Procedural Criminal Law
3 credits
3
3
3
3
3

General Electives: (0-8 credits)

If needed to complete the minimum 60 credit transfer limit. Electives may be selected from the following list:

AJS119 Computer Applications in Justice Studies [CS]
AJS123 Ethics & the Administration of Justice [HU]
AJS200 Current Issues in Criminal Justice [SB]
AJS258 Victimology and Crisis Management [C] & [SB]
AJS270 Community Relations [C] & [SB]
3 credits
3
3
3
3

Note: Consult transfer guide for other approved electives.

Note: Refer to AJS AA-SR Degree Pathway Checklist for details

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Administration of Justice
Associate in Applied Science (AAS) - 64 credits

The Administration of Justice program is designed to inform and prepare men and women for careers in the fields of law enforcement, corrections, and related technical occupations. In addition, the program provides practitioners of law enforcement and corrections the opportunity for professional growth and development in their field, or the background to continue their education at a four-year institution. (Students planning to transfer to a four-year institution should satisfy the general education requirements for the Associate in Arts (AA) degree, as listed on page 59)

Note: Students should consult with a department advisor in planning their academic schedule in order to complete degree requirements in an expedient manner. Required courses may not be available every semester or year. Due to limited course offerings, degree seeking students may find it necessary to extend completion time lines and attend both day and evening classes.

Special Qualifications: A peace officer in the state of Arizona must meet the following minimum standards:

  1. United States citizenship
  2. A high school graduation or GED equivalency
  3. A completed background investigation with local, state, and national fingerprint check
  4. No felony conviction in any state or federal jurisdiction
  5. A medical examination by a licensed physician attesting that no physicalconditions exist which would adversely affect the performance of duties as a peace officer
  6. Proportionate height and weight
  7. Minimum age as required by law

Note: LEO102 and 202 (Law Enforcement Training Academy Certificate) may be applied towards partial completion of this degree; and after completing the following courses: AJS200, AJS225 and AJS230 the student may be eligible to satisfy all AJS requirements for this degree. See an advisor or contact the Registrar for details. Some university transfer restrictions may apply.

Program Description: The Administration of Justice Studies Degree is interdisciplinary in nature and provides the student with a broad based knowledge of the criminal justice field. It prepares the students of excellent character and reputation for careers in Administration of Justice, including, but not limited to: law enforcement, corrections, probation/parole officer, and social services in community based agencies/organizations.

Required Courses: (30 credits)

Students must earn a grade of "C" or better for each course listed in the Required Courses category.

AJS101 Introduction to Criminal Justice
AJS109 Substantive Criminal Law
AJS110 Law and Legal Review I
AJS200 Current Issues in Criminal Justice
AJS205 Criminal Justice Report Writing
AJS210 Constitutional Law
AJS225 Criminology
AJS260 Procedural Criminal Law
AJS270 Community Relations
AJS275 Criminal Investigation I
3 credits
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

Restricted Electives: (9 credits)

Select any AJS prefix course
CWE198 may be selected for 1-3 credits
9 credits

General Education Requirements: (25 credits)

Core: (15 credits)
First-Year Composition:
+ ENG101 First-Year Composition (3) and
+ ENG111 Technical Writing (3) or
+ ENG102 First-Year Composition (3)
Oral Communication:
COM100 Introduction to Human Communication (3) or
COM110 Interpersonal Communication (3) or
+ COM225 Public Speaking (3) or
+ COM230 Small Group Communication (3)
Critical Reading:
+ CRE101 Critical and Evaluative Reading I (3) or
+ CRE111 Critical Reading for Business and Industry (3)
Mathematics:
+ MAT102 Mathematical Concepts/Applications (3) or
+ MAT122 Intermediate Algebra (3) or Equivalent

Distribution: (10 credits)
Humanities and Fine Arts:
Any approved course, see here.
Social and Behavioral Sciences*:
Any approved course, see here.
Natural Sciences:
Any approved course, see here.


6



3




3


3




3

3

4

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Law Enforcement Training Academy Certificate - 30 credits

The Glendale Community College Law Enforcement Training Academy is fully certified by the Arizona Peace Officer Standards Training Board (AZPOST), which is the peace officer certification agency in the state. The academy spans two semesters with the first certifying the successful participants as Limited Authority Officers with full peace officer powers when in the presence of a fully certified officer. The second semester completes their basic training and they become fully certified. Because the training is conducted over two semesters, most participants are appointed to a reserve officer position with their agency.

Persons interested in attending the academy may be sent by a law enforcement agency or apply for college sponsorship. For agency sponsorship, they contact an agency they are interested in becoming a reserve officer with and participate in their testing process. If they are successful, the agency authorizes the academy to accept them. The testing normally consists of a written exam, an oral board evaluation, a polygraph test, a psychological evaluation, a background investigation, a medical exam, and a fitness test. For college sponsorship details, please refer to GCCLETA.com on the Internet.

The program is a challenging and very demanding curriculum, requiring physical and intellectual stamina. However, the certification attained allows successful participants to enter an exciting and rewarding career.

Arizona statutes allow academies to appoint cadets to complete peace officer training. Upon successful completion of the academy, these cadets will have 18 months to seek employment with a law enforcement agency. If appointed to a position with an agency, (after passing all aspects of the background investigation), they will be eligible for AZPOST peace officer certification.

Those interested in attending the academy while being affiliated with an agency will need to contact the human resource or personnel departments at a law enforcement agency and inquire about their application process.

College appointed cadets will be responsible for all costs pertaining to the qualification process and their training. For further information regarding the open enrollment program, go to www.GCCLETA.com.

Required Courses: (30 credits)

Students must earn a grade of "C" or better for each course listed in the Required Courses category.

+ LEO102 Peace Officer Certification I
+ LEO202 Peace Officer Certification II
15 credits
15

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Law Enforcement Investigator Certificate - 6 credits

Program Description: This certificate program is designed to prepare the law enforcement officer to become a specialist in the investigation of criminal activity and to successfully assist in prosecution. Courses address case management, legal aspects of interviewing, search and seizure, and courtroom presentations. Students will demonstrate skills related to these areas in a crime scene scenario.

Admission Criteria: Student must be Law enforcement personnel or permission of instructor.

Required Courses: (6 credits)

Students must earn a grade of "C" or better for each course listed in the Required Courses category. (+) indicates course prerequisities.

+ LEO281AA Criminal Investigations Certification I
+ LEO281AB Criminal Investigations Certification II
+ LEO281AC Criminal Investigations Certification III
+ LEO281AD Criminal Investigations Certification IV
+ LEO281AE Criminal Investigations Certification V
+ LEO281AF Criminal Investigations Certification VI
+ LEO281AG Criminal Investigations Certification VII
1 credits
1
1
1
.5
.5
1

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Police Supervision Certificate - 15 credits

Program Description: This certificate program is designed to prepare law enforcement officers for career advancement to the first line supervisor or mid-management level. Courses address supervision and management skills, planning strategies, and communication techniques.

Admission Criteria: Student must be a certified police officer, or permission of instructor.

Required Courses: (6 credits)

Students must earn a grade of "C" or better for each course listed in the Required Courses category. (+) indicates course prerequisities.

AJS131 Police Management Techniques I
+ AJS132 Police Management Techniques II
AJS211 Police Planning
AJS288AA Community Policing
AJS288AB Cultural Awareness for Police Supervisors
+ AJS288AC Ethics and Professionalism
AJS290BC Police Supervision
AJS290BS Stress in Law Enforcement
AJS290BW Communication in Criminal Justice
3 credits
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1

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Course Descriptions

Course Availability: (F) Fall, (S) Spring, (D) Day, (E) Evening, (Su1) Summer 1, (Su2) Summer 2, (O) Occasionally, (+) indicates course prerequisities

Administration of Justice (AJS)

AJS101
Introduction to Criminal Justice / 3 credits 3 periods

An examination of the organization and jurisdiction of local, state and federal law enforcement, judicial and corrections systems; their history and philosophy; career opportunities and qualifying requirements, terminology and constitutional limitations of the system. Required in AJS curriculum. Prerequisites: None. (F,S,Su,D,E)

AJS107
Patrol Procedures / 3 credits 3 periods

Specialized areas of the patrol function, including responding to crowds, riots, bomb threats, intoxication, hazardous materials, fires, and domestic disputes. Partially fulfills Arizona POST (Peace Officer Standards and Training) requirements for proficiency skills academy attendance. Prerequisites: None. (F,S,D,E)

AJS109
Substantive Criminal Law / 3 credits 3 periods

Covers philosophy of legal sanctions and historical development from the common law to modern American criminal law, classifications of crimes, elements of and parties to crimes, general definition of crimes, common defenses utilized. Includes specific offenses and the essential elements of each offense. Required in AJS curriculum. Prerequisites: None. (F,S,D,E)

AJS110
Law and Legal Review I / 3 credits 3 periods

In-depth study of the Arizona laws governing arrest by peace officers, as well as, an intensive study of the Arizona substantive criminal law code (ARS Title 13). Focuses on specific sections of ARS Title 4 and ARS Title 8, as they apply to peace officers in Arizona. Partially fulfills the Arizona POST (Peace Officer Standard and Training) Board requirements for Proficiency Skills Academy attendance. Prerequisites: None. (F,S,D,EO)

AJS111
Law and Legal Review II / 3 credits 3 periods

Study of Arizona laws governing search and seizure, rules of evidence, juvenile laws and procedures, and constitutional law pertaining to law enforcement officers. Course partially fulfills the Arizona POST (Peace Officer Standard and Training) Board requirement for Proficiency Skills Academy attendance. Prerequisites: None. (S,D)

AJS112
Wellness for Law Enforcement Officers / 3 credits 3 periods

The value of physical fitness in law enforcement and the basic elements of strength training, aerobic conditioning, flexibility, nutrition, and back injury prevention. Prerequisites: None.

AJS117
Computer Applications in Criminal Justice / 1 credit 1 period

Provides computer literacy in microcomputer applications in various areas of the criminal justice system. Considers availability and uses of hardware and software. Provides hands on experience with appropriate software which pertains to law enforcement, the courts, and corrections. Prerequisites: None.

AJS119
Computer Applications in Justice Studies / 3 credits 4 periods

Provides literacy in microcomputer applications in major areas of the criminal justice system. Examines availability and uses of current software packages in criminal justice work. Provides hands-on experience with appropriate integrated software packages pertaining to justice studies. Prerequisites: None. (F,S,D)

AJS123
Ethics and the Administration of Justice / 3 credits 3 periods

Introduces and explores ethical issues and the justice system. Focuses on ethics and the law, the police, courts and corrections. Reviews ethical theory, concepts and practices as they relate to administration of justice. Encourages critical thinking and value decision making in criminal justice system situations. Prerequisites: None. (F,S,D,EO)

AJS131
Police Management Techniques I / 3 credits 3 periods

Police supervisory techniques for planning, organization, coordination, reporting, budgeting and handling related personnel problems. Prerequisites: None.

AJS132
Police Management Techniques II / 3 credits 3 periods

Management of police personnel including selections procedures, disciplinary practices, public relations, elements of supervision, service ratings, recruiting and probation, and related personnel problems. Prerequisites: AJS131 or instructor's approval.

AJS150
Defensive Tactics / 1 credit 1 period

Skills in the protection against persons armed with dangerous and deadly weapons, demonstration and drill in a limited number of holds and come alongs, and restraint of prisoners and the mentally ill. May be repeated twice for credit. Prerequisites: None. (F,S,D,E)

AJS151
Firearms I / 1 credit 1 period

Moral aspects, legal provisions, safety precautions and restrictions covering the use of firearms, and the firing of sidearms and shotguns. Prerequisites: None. (F,S,Su,E)

Note: Persons that will be 21 years of age or older within six months of this course (AJS151) and complete it successfully are eligible for the Arizona Concealed Weapon permit.

AJS152
First Aid 3 credits / 3 periods

Methods for providing emergency medical care to victims of accidents or illness and related safeguards. Includes legal and civil issues, basic functions and major organs of the human body, injury management, resuscitation, movement and extrication of victims. Prerequisites: None.

AJS153
Firearms II/Handguns / 1 credit 1 period

Advanced familiarization with handguns. Variations of basic shooting stance. Legal and moral repercussions of self-defense. Includes range practice. Prerequisites: AJS151 or approval of instructor. (F,S,E)

AJS154
Firearms III/Long Weapons / 1 credit 1 period

Familiarization with different types of long weapons and associated ammunition. Emphasis on safety techniques for use and storage of weapons. Limited use of range for practice. Prerequisites: None. (F,S,E)

AJS156
Home and Vehicle Personal Defense / 1 credit 1 period

Development of personal safety plans, confrontation avoidance, and effective self-defense tactics. Legal and safe use of firearms. Includes range practice. Prerequisites: AJS151 or permission of instructor.

AJS158
Concealed Weapon Recertification / .25 credit .25 period

Legal provisions, safety precautions and restrictions covering the use of firearms, and the firing of sidearms. Prerequisites: AJS151 or AJS155.

AJS200
Current Issues in Criminal Justice / 3 credits 3 periods

Examines current issues, techniques, and trends in the Criminal Justice System. Prerequisites: None. (F,S,D,E)

AJS201
Rules of Evidence / 3 credits 3 periods

A practical insight into the rules of evidence to include how to recognize evidence; the general rules governing admissibility of evidence; the “hearsay” rule and its exceptions; the use of documentary evidence, written memoranda, photographs, and recordings; corpus delicti; opinion evidence; circumstantial evidence, evidential privileges. Required in AJS curriculum. Prerequisites: None. (FE,SD)

AJS203
Arizona Vehicle Code I / 3 credits 3 periods

A general background in the area of traffic law enforcement to include the elements of the Arizona vehicle laws, major issues concerning traffic laws, traffic enforcement techniques, basic defenses involving traffic violations, and recent court decisions concerning traffic laws. Prerequisites: None. (OE)

AJS205
Criminal Justice Report Writing / 3 credits 3 periods

Characteristics of reports and field notes, and the importance and uses of each. Form, style, and procedures for writing various reports, including elements of composition, required substance, proper and improper conclusions, and descriptions of persons and property. Prerequisites: None. (FE,SD)

AJS207
Traffic Accident Investigation / 3 credits 3 periods

Theories and basic techniques of accident investigation: what the vehicle shows, examination of the roadway, recording and preservation of skidmark evidence, speed estimates, reconstruction of the accident scene, diagram and map making, photographing the accident scene, background investigation, and court testimony. Prerequisites: None. (S,E)

AJS208
Traffic Control / 3 credits 3 periods

Intensive study of Arizona substantive traffic law (ARS Title 28), traffic collision investigation techniques, impaired driver investigation, and enforcement procedures including the traffic citation process. Partially fulfills the Arizona POST (Peace Officer Standard and Training) Board requirements for Proficiency Skills Academy attendance. Prerequisites: None. (F,E)

AJS210
Constitutional Law / 3 credits 3 periods

An examination of the U.S. Constitution as it relates to the law enforcement function. Includes statutory law and judicial decisions governing the areas of arrest, search and seizure, interrogations and confessions, self-incrimination and other constitutional guarantees. Required in AJS curriculum. Prerequisites: None. (F,S,D)

AJS211
Police Planning / 3 credits 3 periods

An analysis of the process of planning, and a descriptive study of logical and systematic approaches to strategic, short-range, operational, organizational and tactical planning within a law enforcement organization. Prerequisites: None.

AJS212
Juvenile Justice Procedures / 3 credits 3 periods

Examines the history and development of juvenile justice theories, procedures, and institutions. Prerequisites: None. (FD, SE)

AJS213
Evidence Technology/Fingerprints / 3 credits 3 periods

Fingerprint identification, interpretation, and classification. The fundamentals of fingerprinting and the problems in developing latent prints, preservation of evidence, and the chain of evidence. Prerequisites: None. (F,E)

AJS214
Evidence Technology/Photography / 3 credits 3 periods

The use of photography and other aids in identification and preservation of evidence such as fingerprints, footprints and impressions. Techniques in crime scene and traffic accident photography. Prerequisites: None. (S,E)

AJS215
Criminalistics: Physical Evidence / 3 credits 3 periods

The scientific analysis and examination of physical evidence with emphasis on scientific investigation, recognition, collection, and preservation of evidence. Topics include fingerprints, shoe prints, tool marks, firearms identification, paint chips and arson. Prerequisites: None. (F,E)

AJS216
Criminalistics: Biological Evidence / 3 credits 3 periods

The scientific analysis and examination of biological evidence with emphasis on collection and preservation of evidence. Topics discussed include blood, drugs, blood alcohol, hairs and fibers, and topics of special interest in criminalistics. Prerequisites: None. (S,E)

AJS218
Special Investigations: Drugs / 3 credits 3 periods

Advanced course in the specialized investigation area of drug enforcement. Emphasis on the pharmacological properties of abused drugs, field testing, evidence requirements, and specialized investigation techniques utilized in narcotic and dangerous drug investigations. Prerequisites: None. (FE,SD)

AJS220
Organized Crime / 3 credits 3 periods

Examines the history, structure and activities of organized crime groups. Reviews theories explaining the existence of organized crime and enforcement strategies used to combat it. Prerequisites: None. (FD,SE)

AJS225
Criminology / 3 credits 3 periods

Study of deviance, society’s role in defining behavior; theories of criminality and the economic, social, and psychological impact of crime; relationships between statistics and crime trends. Examines crime victimization and the various types of crime and categories of offenders. Required in the AJS curriculum. Prerequisites: None. (F,S,Su,D,E)

AJS230
The Police Function / 3 credits 3 periods

Theories of procedures and methods of operations of public police with emphasis on discretionary powers available to the working police officer. Career opportunities and current trends in law enforcement presented. Prerequisites: None. (FE,SD)

AJS233
High Risk Vehicle Stops / 1 credit 1 period

Recognized procedures for conducting high risk/known risk vehicle stops. Prerequisites: Certified Police Officer or departmental approval.

AJS258
Victimology and Crisis Management / 3 credits 3 periods

Focuses on victimology and techniques of crises intervention; and the importance of multicultural perspective.  Includes coverage of sexual assault, family violence, child abuse, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance abuse, coping skills, stress management, and community resources. Prerequisites: None. (F,S,D,E)

AJS260
Procedural Criminal Law / 3 credits 3 periods

Concerned with the understanding of procedural criminal law. Examines the rationale underlying major court holdings, the procedural requirements that stem from these holdings, and their effect on the daily operations of the criminal justice system. Prerequisites: None. (F,S,D,E)

AJS270
Community Relations / 3 credits 3 periods

Examination, recognition, and understanding of community problems; community action programs; methods of coping with human behavior, victimology, conflict, and communication; ethnic and minority cultures and environments; the community and relationships with the criminal justice system. Prerequisites: None. (F,S,D,OE)

AJS275
Criminal Investigation I / 3 credits 3 periods

Introduction to the theory of criminal investigation. Examines crime scene procedures, case preparation, interviewing, and basic investigative techniques. Prerequisites: None. (F,S,Su,D,E)

AJS276
Criminal Investigation II / 3 credits 3 periods

Focuses on investigating specific offenses, methods for identifying, collecting and preserving evidence. Establishing elements of crimes and connecting suspects to the crimes. Prerequisites: AJS275.

AJS290AA
Arson Investigation / 1 credit 1 period

Investigative techniques used in analyzing suspected arson scenes, motives, and collection of physical evidence. Prerequisites: None.

AJS290AB
Auto Theft Investigation / 1 credit 1 period

Includes investigations concerning automobiles, trucks and heavy duty equipment, locations for finding V.I.N. (Vehicle Identification number) numbers, investigation of auto theft rings, illegal licensing and registrations. Prerequisites: None.

AJS290AC
Burglary / 1 credit 1 period

Covers methods of operations of various burglars. Detection of burglars’ tools. Lifting of fingerprints. Protection and preservation of the crime scene and evidence. Prerequisites: None.

AJS290AE
Arrest, Search and Seizure / 1 credit 1 period

Procedural applications of current arrest, search and seizure statutes. Prerequisites: None.

AJS290AL
Evidence Identification and Preservation / 1 credit 1 period

Scientific and legal principles involved in the collection, preservation and analysis of physical evidence. Prerequisites: None.

AJS290AM
Explosive/Terrorism/ Hostage Negotiation / 1 credit 1 period

Situations demanding a tactical response, including a barricaded suspect, hostage incident or sniper situation. Prerequisites: None.

AJS290AP
Forgery / 1 credit 1 period

Recognition of disguised and forged writing, detection of counterfeit currency and negotiable instruments, and application of current laws regarding document crimes. Prerequisites: None.

AJS290AU
Child Abuse Investigation / 1 credit 1 period

Definition and investigation of the causes and effects of child abuse. Prerequisites: None.

AJS290AW
Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs / 1 credit 1 period

Pharmacological effects of the use and abuse of drugs, including a description of common abuse patterns and investigative techniques used in the enforcement of drug laws. Prerequisites: None.

AJS290AX
Organized Criminal Activity / 1 credit 1 period

Description of various areas of organized criminal activity, including racketeering, vice, gambling, and drugs. Prerequisites: None.

AJS290AZ
Police Interrogation Techniques / 1 credit 1 period

Proper interview and interrogation techniques, including a discussion of the constitutional rights of the defendant and applicable court decisions. Prerequisites: None.

AJS290BG
Robbery / 1 credit 1 period

Study of robbery investigations including: surveillances, stake-outs, hostage negotiations, on-scene investigations, robbery investigations, follow-ups, and alarm systems. Coordination between robbery investigation teams emphasized. Prerequisites: None.

AJS290BH
Sex Crimes Investigation / 1 credit 1 period

Investigative procedures employed by the police and courtroom procedures utilized by the prosecuting attorney in sex-related crimes. Prerequisites: None.

AJS290BJ
Accident Investigation I / 1 credit 1 period

Skills and concepts necessary to conduct an adequate traffic accident investigation. Prerequisites: None.

AJS290BK
Vice Crimes / 1 credit 1 period

Detection, investigation and control of vice crimes, including commercial and deviant sex, gambling and pornography. Prerequisites: None.

AJS290BL
White Collar Crimes / 1 credit 1 period

Business-related criminal activities, including computer fraud, pyramid schemes, and false and misleading advertising and security schemes. Prerequisites: None.

AJS290BP
Arizona Criminal Code / 1 credit 1 period

Substantive provisions of the Arizona Criminal Code with special emphasis on those areas that have proven most troublesome to the law enforcement community. Prerequisites: None.

AJS290BS
Stress in Law Enforcement / 1 credit 1 period

Major stress that affect a police officer; effects of stress and methods for reducing stress. Prerequisites: None.

AJS290BW
Communication in Criminal Justice / 1 credit 1 period

Study of barriers to effective communication in the field of criminal justice. Development of effective intradepartmental and interdepartmental communication as well as communication with the community and within the courtroom. Prerequisites: None.

AJS298
Special Projects / 1-3 credits

Organized and tailored around the interests and needs of the individual student. Structured to provide an atmosphere of individualized research and study paralleled by professional expertise and guidance. Professional-type facilities and equipment available for student use. Allows the best aspects of independent study and individualized learning to be combined to maximize student development. Prerequisites: Permission of Program Director or instructor.

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Law Enforcement Operations (LEO)

LEO102
Peace Officer Certification I / 15 credits 22 periods

Training program for limited authority peace officers, leading to certification by the Arizona Peace Officer Standards and Training Board (AzPOST - The statutory agency for certifying peace officers - all person with arrest powers - in Arizona.) Includes introduction to Law Enforcement, Law and legal matters, patrol procedures, traffic control, and police proficiency skills. Prerequisites: Student must comply with AzPOST employment standards for peace officers. (F,S,E)

LEO202
Peace Officer Certification II / 15 credits 22 periods

A continuation of the basic, entry-level training program leading to full authority peace officer certification as required by the Arizona Peace Officer Standards and Training Board (AzPOST). Subjects to include: Patrol Procedure, Accident Investigation, Records and Report Writing, Community Relations, Criminal Investigations, and Officer Survival. Prerequisites: Grade of "C" or better in AJS/LEO102 or AzPOST Limited Authority Peace Officer certification. (F,S,E)

LEO233AA
High Risk Vehicle Stops Instructor Certification / 1.25 credits 1.25 periods
Proper instructional procedures for teaching how to conduct high risk/known risk vehicle stops. Prerequisites: Arizona P.O.S.T. (Peace Officer Standard and Training) General Instructor certificate.

LEO236
Police Submachine Gun Operator / 1 credit 1 period

Proper manipulation, marksmanship, and tactical deployment of closed bolt type submachine gun. Focus on weapon's use in law enforcement situations including critical incident perimeter security, methodical "stealth" building searches, and crisis entry (raids). Prerequisites: Certified law enforcement personnel.

LEO237
DUI Detection / 2 credits 2 periods

Overview of alcohol-related DUI (Driving under the influence) enforcement and general deterrence, DUI detection and description techniques, legal statues, Standardized Field Sobriety Test (SFSTs) procedures, DUI arrest process, report writing, courtroom testimony techniques, and drug detection techniques. Prerequisites: Certified law enforcement personnel or permission of department.

LEO264
Law Enforcement Instructor Certification / 3 credits 3 periods

Designed for criminal justice trainers. The adult learner, developing a course, characteristics of effective instruction, evaluation methods. Prerequisites: None.

LEO281AA
Criminal Investigations Certification I / 1 credit 1 period

Overview of information, strategies, techniques, and resources available to detectives investigating property crimes, sex crimes, forged documents, and death investigations. Prerequisites: Certified law enforcement personnel.

LEO281AB
Criminal Investigations Certification II / 1 credit 1 period

Review of laws regarding search and seizure. Updated information regarding new laws as they apply to search and seizure. Prerequisites: Certified law enforcement personnel.

LEO281AC
Criminal Investigations Certification III / 1 credit 1 period

The legal framework for admissible confessions and other information gathered through interviews and interrogations. Prepares law enforcement personnel for obtaining confessions and other incriminating information from suspects used in court. Prerequisites: Certified law enforcement personnel.

LEO281AD
Criminal Investigations Certification IV / 1 credit 1 period

Emphasizes the necessity for good reports in criminal investigations. Characteristics of pre-report preparation, preparing the body of the report, and assembling the case report. Process of handling submission of a case report, processing turndowns, and furthers. Prerequisites: Certified law enforcement personnel.

LEO281AE
Criminal Investigations Certification V / .5 credit .5 period

Provides the criminal investigator with a working knowledge to properly prepare case documents for submittal to the attorney and to prepare for trial. Prerequisites: Certified law enforcement personnel.

LEO281AF
Criminal Investigations Certification VI / .5 credit .5 period

Various types of electronic evidence and the procedures required to be submitted to the court for prosecution. Prerequisites: Certified peace officer or permission of the instructor.

LEO281AG
Criminal Investigations Certification VII / 1 credit 1 period

Utilizes the skills acquired in criminal investication certification courses. Practical application of crime scene processing, search warrant application, collection and preservation of evidence, diagramming, supplemental reports, analysis, and case presentation. Prerequisites: AJS/LEO281AA, AJS/LEO281AB, AJS/LEO281AC, AJS/LEO281AD, AJS/LEO281AE, and AJS/LEO281AF.

LEO283
Crime and Intelligence Analysis / 2 credits 2 periods

A course on how information is used to analyze crimes and crime trends, current methods of intelligence collection and information organization, and information distribution. Includes analysis charting, link analysis, and computer software applications commonly used in crime analysis. Prerequisites: Employee of a law enforcement agency.

LEO286
Law Enforcement Firearm Instructor / 5 credits 5 periods

A "train the trainer" course for police firearm instructors. Covers instructional techniques for the pistol, revolver, and shotgun. Prerequisites: AzPost (Peace Officer Standard and Training) Certified Police General Instructor or permission of department.

LEO287AA
Law Enforcement Carbine Operator I / 1 credit 1 period

A skill building course on the proper manipulation and marksmanship of the police carbine. A basic course covering foundation techniques, including firing positions. Prerequisites: Certified law enforcement officer.

LEO287AB
Law Enforcement Carbine Operator II / 1 credit 1 period

Advanced techniques of carbine deployment. Includes use of barricades, pivots, turns, and moving while shooting. Prerequisites: AJS/LEO287AA and (certified law enforcement officer, or corrections officer, or permission of instructor).

LEO288AA
Community Policing / 1 credit 1 period

Methods for incorporating community-oriented policing into the police environment. Prerequisites: None.

LEO288AB
Cultural Awareness for Law Enforcement Supervisors / 1 credit 1 period

Explores the complex issues of multiculturalism and law enforcement in the United States, and the possible effects into the next century. Addresses the historical perspectives of the formation of the Anglo-Saxon Northern European culture along with the formation and structure of the "police culture." Aspects and responsibilities of leadership and supervision in a multicultural world. Understanding complex cultural communication and the challenge of community-based law enforcement. Prerequisites: None.

LEO288AC
Ethics and Professionalism / 1 credit 1 period

Ethics defined; principles of ethics; professional demeanor and integrity in law enforcement. Prerequisites: Certified law enforcement personnel or permission of department.

LEO288AD
Career Strategies for Women in Law Enforcement / 1 credit 1 period

Pre-employment and career challenges to women in law enforcement and strategies for career advancement and development. Open to both men and women. Prerequisites: None.

LEO289AA
Law Enforcement Precision Rifle Operator I / 1 credit 1 period
Use, deployment, and marksmanship of the police precision rifle. Includes related equipment and circumstances in which the precision rifle may be deployed. Prerequisites: Certified law enforcement personnel or permission of department.

LEO289AB
Law Enforcement Shotgun Operator / 1 credit 1 period

Proper and safe manipulation and deployment of the police shotgun in the law enforcement environment. Prerequisites: Certified law enforcement personnel or permission of department.

LEO289AC
Covert Law Enforcement Operations / 1 credit 1 period

Methods of controlling informants, documenting covert information, and techniques used in covert operations. Prerequisites: Certified law enforcement personnel or permission of department.

LEO289AD
Technical Aspects of Covert Operations / 1 credit 1 period

Set-up and use of covert audio and video recording equipment commonly used in undercover operations. Topics include camera concealments, equipment selection, time lapse video recording, video and audio transmitters, installation techniques, and the legal aspects of audio and video recording. Prerequisites: Certified law enforcement personnel or permission of department.

LEO289AE
Drug Use Awareness and Legal Ramifications / .5 credit .5 period

Recognizing and dealing with drug-impaired persons. Detecting drug use and developing preventive policies. Legal issues addressed. Prerequisites: None.

LEO289AF
Explosive Awareness for Emergency Responders / 1 credit 1 period

Procedures for recognizing, identifying, and taking proper precautions to limit and/or eliminate hazards of explosives in public safety agency calls for service. Prerequisites: Certified law enforcement officer, fireman, EMT, paramedic, or permission of the instructor.

LEO289AG
Negotiation Techniques for First Responders / .5 credit .5 period

Crisis negotiating for peace officers responding to the scene of a barricaded situation. Prerequisites: Certified peace officer or permission of instructor.

LEO289AH
Negotiation Techniques for 911 Operators / .5 credit .5 period

Crisis negotiating for emergency telephone operators. How to communicate in a critical situation such as a barricaded or suicidal subject. Prerequisites: None.

LEO289AJ
Street Gangs I / 1 credit 1 period

Introduction to street gang identification, history, culture, and current trends, specifically in the western United States. Prerequisites: Certified officer or permission of instructor.

LEO289AK
Officer Survival I / 1.5 credits 1.5 periods

Officer safety considerations while responding to high risk incidents. Prerequisites: Certified peace officer or permission of instructor.

LEO289AL
Law Enforcement Precision Rifle Operator II / 1 credit 1 period

Advanced techniques of precision rifle deployment. Includes advanced range distances, internal and external ballistics, moving target considerations, and range estimation. Prerequisites: AJS/LEO289AA and (certified law enforcement officer or permission of the instructor.)

LEO289AM
Tactical Firearms I: Individual Officer Tactics / 1 credit 1 period

Tactical deployment of the duty handgun and shotgun in the patrol function. Prerequisites: Certified peace officer or permission of instructor.

LEO289AN
Tactical Firearms II: Concealed Firearms / 1 credit 1 period

Tactical deployment of the concealed handgun in law enforcement applications. Prerequisites: Certified peace officer or permission of instructor.

LEO289AO
Tactical Firearms III: Team Tactics / 1 credit 1 period

Tactical deployment of the handgun and shotgun while working with a partner in the patrol function. Prerequisites: Certified peace officer or permission of instructor.

LEO289AP
Advanced Accident Investigation / 1 credit 1 period

Advanced principles and techniques of traffic collision investigation for officers that have completed the basic accident investigation in the Law Enforcement Training Academy. Prerequisites: Certified law enforcement officer or permission of instructor.

LEO289AS
Law Enforcement Close Quarters Battle / 1 credit 1 period

Introduces law enforcement officers to tactics that are designed to enable them to defend against deadly force attacks from all angles. Given an armed or unarmed opponent(s), defense and counter techniques while engaged in close quarters combat. Prerequisites: Certified peace officer or permission of the instructor.

LEO290BC
Law Enforcement Supervision / 1 credit 1 period

Skills needed to be an effective frontline supervisor, including personnel relations, communication techniques and administrative policies and procedures. Prerequisites: None.

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